Dogs are man's best friend. They're loyal, loving, and always there for us. However, dogs also require a lot of care and attention. If you want to give your beagle the best life possible, you'll need to learn about their health needs.
Here are some basic facts about puppy health care that every pet owner should know.
1. Dogs have four different types of teeth: incisors, canines premolars. The canine tooth is used as an eating tool and the other three teeth help with chewing on bones or toys.
2. A healthy adult dog has between 30-40 pounds of body weight. This means that if he weighs 20 lbs., his ideal body condition score would be 3/9.
3. Your dog will probably weigh more than what was listed above because they gain weight when they eat too much food. You may notice this in puppies who grow fast.
4. Most dogs' hearts beat at around 100 beats per minute. When a dog runs, it increases its heart rate up to 150 bpm.
5. Dog blood contains less oxygen than human blood does. Because of this, dogs must breathe faster to get enough air into their lungs. Their breathing rates range from 12-18 breaths per minute.
6. All dogs produce saliva which helps them clean themselves after playing outside. Saliva dries quickly so most dogs lick their paws often.
7. Many breeds have hair coats while others do not. Some dogs shed all year round while others only lose fur during winter months.
8. Puppies usually start out having dark eyes but over time these change color until they reach adulthood. Adult dogs tend to keep their eye colors throughout their lives.
9. It takes approximately 2 years before a puppy reaches puberty. Once mature, male dogs begin producing sperm cells. Female dogs become sexually active once they've reached two years old.
10. Male dogs typically develop testicles first followed by penis development. Females go through ovulation cycles where eggs are released from their ovaries. Ovulation occurs twice a month.
11. During pregnancy, female dogs experience changes in behavior such as increased appetite, urination, and defecation. Pregnant females also show signs of being uncomfortable.
12. After birth, pups nurse for anywhere from 6 weeks to 8 months depending on breed. Nursing mothers will continue to lactate even though they no longer have milk glands.
13. In order to survive, newborns rely heavily on their mother’s milk. Newborns cannot walk yet and instead crawl towards mommy.
14. As puppies age, they gradually stop nursing and move away from mommy. By six months, they are able to stand alone.
15. Older dogs don't like getting wet feet. To avoid water damage, make sure to dry off your dog thoroughly after taking him swimming.
16. Every dog has unique behaviors based on personality traits. For example, one dog might love running laps around the house while another loves going for walks.
17. There are many ways to train a dog including positive reinforcement training methods. These include clicker training, reward conditioning, and shaping.
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